Jordan has few natural resources, but contains one of the highest concentrations of monuments and archaeological sites in the world, which may be considered its principle asset. The efforts to preserve and effectively manage the country’s cultural heritage are hampered by many problems. General guidelines and best practice manuals need to be elaborated and widely disseminated. Management plans integrating the local population and raising its awareness on cultural heritage are also greatly needed. This may contribute to formulating the strategies and policies for an effective protection, conservation and safeguarding of the country’s rich cultural resources.

  This project aims to establish at teaching and training programmes in archaeological science at Yarmouk University. These will be joint programmes administered by the Faculty of Archaeology and Anthropology and the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences. This project was concieved because it has become clear that there is a strong need to integrate techniques used in the natural sciences with the interpretive needs posed by questions in archaeology. This is particularly true in Jordan, where traditional training in archaeology has not taken the use of scientific techniques into account.

  The teaching programme will be an M.Sc. programme in archaeological science that will cater to students with backgrounds in the sciences who wish to learn more about archaeology and to students with archaeology backgrounds who with to learn more about the theory and use of scientific techniques in interpretation of archaeology. The training programme will be aimed towards working archaeologists and other cultural resource experts who are interested in learning how archaeological science can help them in their work.

  The teaching and training programs will be divided into modules covering archaeology, physical and chemical techniques, chronology, technology and experimental archaeology, geophysics, information technology and environmental archaeology. These will include both theoretical components accounting for about one third of the contact time, with the remainder being hands-on excersises designed to teach the student how archaeometry really works.

 About Tempus

 TEMPUS is the Trans European Mobility Program for University Studies. It was adopted by the Council of Ministers of the European Union in 1990 and was since four times extended, with the current extension lasting until the year 2013.

 TEMPUS is a European Union programme designed to stimulate cooperation with Partner Countries (Western Balkans, Eastern Europe, Mediterranean countries, Central Asia) in order to support the reform of their higher education systems.

 TEMPUS supports projects aiming to restructure and develop curricula and teaching materials, upgrade teaching facilities, and/or improve university administration in higher education institutions. TEMPUS does this by providing financial grants for co-operation projects between higher education establishments in the EU and the Partner Countries in priority areas which are defined by the respective partner countries and the European Commission and which are in line with the overall socio-economic reform process of these countries.

 The programme aims to contribute to the development of the higher education system in the partner countries and their interaction with the civil society and industry. The main information can be found on the or National Tempus Office.

 The Tempus programme encourages institutions in the EU Member States and the Partner Countries to engage in structured cooperation through the establishment of "consortia". The "consortia" implement Joint Projects and Structural Measures with a clear set of objectives.

 The Tempus programme was first adopted on May 7th 1990 by the European Council of Ministers of the European Union. Since then, the programme has been renewed three times (Tempus II, Tempus II bis and Tempus III - 2000-2006).

 Partner counties

  • Eastern Europe: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Russian Federation, Ukraine.
  • Central Asia: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
  • Western Balkans: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the former Yugoslavia Republic of Macedonia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • Mediterranean countries: Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia and Libya.

 Main worklines

  • to establish new courses or reform former ones in the list of national priorities.
  • to help higher education institution to restructure and to reform their management.
  • to encourage institutions to work together and set up networks, for instance in a particular discipline.
  • to help higher education institutions to assist in the transition process in the social, economic and political fields by organising retraining courses for professionals outside the academic world.
  • to provide limited material so that institutions are equipped with basic logistics at least.


  • higher education institutions which are officially recognised by the national authorities; whatever their status, they are all to be called "universities".
  • industries, companies, professional organisations and social partners.
  • all public authorities at local, regional and national level.
  • education experts.
  • non governmental organisations.
  • research institutions.
  • establishments (financing their own involvement).

Tempus HERE Guide

   A methodological guide for Armenian Higher Education Institutions entitled "Design and Delivery of Competence-based Study Programmes" was funded by OSI AFA and published by Tempus HERE-Armenia budget.

  The Guide provides main methodological approaches and mechanisms for:

  • designing competence-based study programmes.
  • defining generic and subject-specific competences for the 1st and 2nd cycle degrees.
  • estimating student workload and allocation of ECTS credits.
  • deciding on appropriate teaching, learning and assessment methods as well as continues enhancement of quality in programme level.

  The proposed Guide has been presented to and discussed by the Ministry of Education and Science of Armenia and received its recommendation for publishing as a methodological guide for Armenian HEIs.


Welcome to the Jordan National Tempus Office Website ( Joint)

     I am very pleased to welcome you to the Jordan National Tempus Office (NTO) website. The website includes variety of important information, such as the roles and responsibilities of the NTO, which helps you understand the role of the NTO and how it may better serve you, a summary of the projects funded by the European Commission, some statistics about the involvement of European and Mediterranean countries and the Jordanian institutions participating in such projects, the national priorities as set by the government, highlights about the main activities of the NTO for the past few years, information about the higher education sector in Jordan, links to the Tempus and Erasmus-Mundus programmes, and many more. The website includes also a summary of the University-Enterprise International Conference that was held in Amman in April 2006.

  Although Jordan started participating in the Tempus program as of December 2002, 16 Joint European Projects (JEP) and six Structural and Complementary Measures (SCM) projects have been selected for funding so far, and 26 Individual Mobility Grants (IMG) have been awarded to individuals to visit higher education institutions. More impressive, in this relatively short period of time, collaboration with 14 European countries and seven Mediterranean countries is already taking place. This involves the mobility of faculty members and students from Jordan to Europe and vice versa, thus achieving the objectives of the Tempus program in providing the proper environment for cultural exchange and mutual understanding between the people of Jordan and Europe.

  The Tempus program has significantly contributed to the process of higher education reform and development in Jordan, in spite of the fact that the funds available are quite limited. There is more and more interest in the Tempus projects, which led to severe competition in the last two rounds of JEP submissions. It is to be noted that only 14% of the projects submitted in 2004 and 2005 that involve Jordan were selected for Tempus funding!

  We take this opportunity to express our sincere thanks and appreciation to the European Commission for including Jordan in the Tempus program and providing the necessary funds, as well as the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research for hosting the NTO. We look forward to strengthening further the collaboration between Jordanian higher education institutions and their European counterparts, through the Tempus and other programs in higher education and scientific research.

  Professor Ahmad Abu-El-Haija

  Director, National Tempus Office (NTO), Jordan